Birds of Eden the largest free flight bird aviary in the world, Plettenberg Bay Garden Route Adventures South Africa
Birds of Eden the largest free flight bird aviary in the world, Plettenberg Bay Garden Route Adventures South Africa
Birds of Eden the largest free flight bird aviary in the world, Plettenberg Bay Garden Route Adventures South Africa
TAMHF'S aim is to encourage understanding and commitment to the conservation of the World's wildlife.
About our primates









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Glossary
C
Cursorial

Cursorial is a biological term that describes an organism as being adapted specifically to run. It is typically used in conjunction with an animal's feeding habits or another important adaptation. For example, a horse can be considered a "cursorial grazer", while a wolf may be considered a "cursorial predator". The term is typically applied to animals adapted to long-distance running at high speeds, rather than animals with high acceleration over short distances - a cheetah is considered cursorial, while a leopard is not. Within vertebrates, the term is rarely applied to animals under 1 kg of mass, as such organisms typically move in a series of short bursts rather than at a constant speed. All extant curosial vertebrates are endothermic, allowing high metabolic rates and high endurance, though it is possible some extinct species were ectothermic.
 
Some species of spiders are also considered cursorial, as they walk much of the day, looking for prey. The oldest fossils of jumping spiders are from Baltic amber dated at 54 to 42 million years ago.

Carnivore

A flesh-eating animal. Any of various predatory, flesh-eating mammals of the order Carnivora, including the dogs, cats, bears, weasels, hyenas, and raccoons. One who victimizes or injures others; a predator. Also an insectivorous plant.

Colobus

 A genus of mid-sized, leaf-eating African monkeys. They are related to baboons and mandrills, as well as to the langurs and macaques of Southeast Asia.

Cr

(Critically Endangered). One of three categories of threat on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Cr

(Critically Endangered). One of three categories of threat on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Carrion

The dead and decaying body of an animal.

Colobus

A genus of mid-sized, leaf-eating African monkeys. They are related to baboons and mandrills, as well as to the langurs and macaques of Southeast Asia.

Crop-raiding

also: raid crops, crop-raider, crop-raid the act of entering into a cultivated area and stripping the plants of edible parts, often causing damage to the entire crop and ruining the plants in addition to stealing the fruits or vegetables, the most economically valuable part of the crop; this behavior is seen in a number of primates living in close proximity to humans

Crepuscular

active during twilight hours (dusk and dawn)

Contact Call

vocalization that provides information on the whereabouts of other group members

Conspecific

belonging to the same species

Consortship

a close relationship of a male and female during her estrus that involves their moving and feeding together, much sexual activity, and frequent mutual grooming

Copulation

also: copulatory, copulate sexual intercourse

Cites

AKA The Convention for the International Trade of Endangered Species, an international agreement between governments that has the goal of ensuring that the international trade of plant and animal species does not threaten their survival; there are three levels of classification (called Indexes I-III) and regulations associated with those classifications dictate in what quantities plants and animals can be traded (if at all) and rules governing the import and export of these species

Cathemeral

active periodically and sporadically throughout both the day and night, as in some lemur species

Cercopithecines

members of the Old World monkey family Cercopithecinae including langurs, baboons, guenons, and macaques

Codominance

also: codominant relationship in which two or more animals are equally positioned in the social dominance hierarchy and have equal priority, access, and superiority in regards to feeding, sexual, and locomotion behavior

Census

also: censusing the systematic count of a population

Catarrhine

a member of the primate infraorder Catarrhini comprised of 4 families including the monkeys of Africa, great apes, gibbons, and humans

Cantilever

also: cantilevering to spring out from a branch to catch prey with the hands while the hind legs hold on to the branch

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